Health Complications Brought by Iron Deficiency

Iron is an essential component in creating hemoglobin, a part of red blood cells responsible for the delivery of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide from the body.

When your body does not have enough iron, you might start to feel dizzy or lightheaded. It might also cause occasional chest pains.

Iron deficiency anemia commonly happens when there is inadequate intake of iron. other causes
include:

  • Blood loss due to menstruation or pregnancy
  • Internal bleeding
  • Inability to absorb iron
  • Endometriosis
  • Genetics

 

Some groups or people might be more susceptible to iron deficiency anemia, especially women. It also
commonly affects:

  • People with poor diets
  • Infants and children
  • People over age 65
  • People exposed to lead in their water or environment
  • High-performance and high-endurance athletes

 

Iron Deficiency Anemia Health Complications

Iron deficiency anemia can cause complications if left untreated. It can lead to heart problems, with your heart having irregular beats to compensate for the lack of oxygen carried in your bloodstream. Pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia can have premature births or low-weight babies upon
delivery. Meanwhile, children with iron deficiency can face growth development problems, with more susceptibility to infections.

 

Treatments

Treatments for iron deficiency anemia depend on your overall health, age, and medical history, including the extent and causes of anemia. There will also be considerations on your tolerance for specific medications and treatments.

Available treatments for iron deficiency anemia include:

  • Iron supplements
  • A diet including red meat, dark leafy greens, dried fruits, nuts, and iron-fortified snacks
  • Birth control for women who have heavy period flow
  • Surgery, if there is a need to stop bleeding
  • Red blood cell transfusion and intravenous iron for severe cases

 

If proper nutrition does not effectively address iron deficiency anemia, getting consultations might be a good idea.

 

SOURCE:
https://www.healthline.com/health/iron-deficiency-anemia#treatment
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/irondeficiency-anemia
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc2035504

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