Leptospirosis: How Do You Know if You Have the Disease?

Thursday, July 27, 2023

Leptospirosis is a disease that occurs through the urine of an infected animal. Usually, this can be more prevalent during the rainy season due to flooding. The Philippines has nearly 1,600 reported leptospirosis cases for the period January 1 to June 3, 2023, which is 72 percent higher than the cases reported for the same period last year.   

There are two phases of leptospirosis: Anicteric syndrome and Icteric syndrome.  

Anicteric syndrome of leptospirosis is considered the first phase of the disease and accounts for 90% of the cases.  

Meanwhile, Icteric syndrome is the second phase. It happens when the person already got better and has the infection again. This type of leptospirosis is more severe and less common than the first phase.  


Symptoms of Leptospirosis in People  

  • Fever, headache, and chills 
  • Coughing  
  • Rash   
  • Muscle pain  
  • Diarrhea and vomiting  
  • Red eyes  

Some people will not manifest any symptoms of the disease. However, there are some that could present more severe cases, with symptoms such as:  

  • Kidney and liver failure  
  • Jaundice  
  • Hemorrhage  
  • Respiratory issues and heart arrhythmia  
  • Aseptic meningitis  


Treatment for Leptospirosis  

Mild cases of leptospirosis can be treated through simple remedies such as managing fever, getting plenty of rest, and drinking lots of fluids.  

If the case is more severe, the patient will need antibiotics. However, there might be a need for more medical procedures if leptospirosis has already affected other organs. 


Leptospirosis Prevention  

Leptospirosis is preventable, with its preventive measures as simple as avoiding certain areas.  

  • Avoid contact with any contaminated water, including flood waters and rivers. 
  • When working with animals, wear protective clothing and shoes  
  • Keep pests under control  
  • If you have pets, keep them vaccinated and always provide clean water.  

When preventive measures fail to safeguard your health, you should be willing to make proper adjustments. Be ready for any bacterial infection with ER Care All-In. Visit https://shop.insularhealthcare.com.ph/products/all-in.html for more information.  





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